The Darwin Region

Colourising Yesteryear

Don McKenzie's colorisation of historical black and white photographs adds new perspective and context through the use of colour, conveying atmosphere and emotions of the time period and making the images more relatable, dynamic and interesting for the viewer. Additionally, it helps bridge the gap between the past and the present, making history more accessible and meaningful.
Furthermore, his images are now of extremely high resolution and can be printed out at 4000 pixels wide, which is four feet seven inches without loss of resolution, and can be copied for free for any non-commercial project.

What we do

The Request

After converting some very old B&W photographs to colour images and posting them to the "Rainbow - the Famous Australian Town" Facebook group, I was amazed at the Facebook group and private requests that I received to publish a book of them. 

I have to agree, it would be great, but unfortunately not very practical in my case.

3424-011 Federal St Rainbow 1930s. This building later became the Cafe, the local meeting place for kids like me. Photo: Ally Harper.

High-resolution Darwin Historical Colourised images.

I am uploading all of my high-resolution Darwin Historical Colourised images to my Google Drive in the cloud.

You can download them by clicking on the image

These are zipped into single files of 50 images for each group, and each image within an individual sub-directory so that everyone can enjoy them in the future.

I did a live ABC Radio Darwin interview on the 8th of September 2022, however, it was very hard to select my interview within the program on a PC, and almost impossible on a phone. The interview was with James Finlay on the "Afternoon Show", and covered my colourisation of my Darwin historical Photographs. Click on the image and jump straight to my Google Drive and listen to the full 19:25 minutes.

Thank you Sajarn Stow for your assistance

Expand to display an index to all Darwin images.

Every image below has a link to 50 photographs. Simply click on the image to choose that group of 50.

Images: 0800-001 to 0800-050 Darwin Gallery of historical B&W photos converted to colour.
Images: 0800-051 to 0800-100 Darwin Gallery of historical B&W photos converted to colour.
Images: 0800-101 to 0800-150 Darwin Gallery of historical B&W photos converted to colour.
Images: 0800-151 to 0800-200 Darwin Gallery of historical B&W photos converted to colour.
Images: 0800-201 to 0800-250 Darwin Gallery of historical B&W photos converted to colour.
Images: 0800-251 to 0800-300 Darwin Gallery of historical B&W photos converted to colour.
Images: 0800-301 to 0800-350 Darwin Gallery of historical B&W photos converted to colour.
Images: 0800-351 to 0800-400 Darwin Gallery of historical B&W photos converted to colour.
Images: 0800-401 to 0800-450 Darwin Gallery of historical B&W photos converted to colour.
Images: 0800-451 to 0800-500 Darwin Gallery of historical B&W photos converted to colour.
Images: 0800-501 to 0800-550 Darwin Gallery of historical B&W photos converted to colour.

You can also view the Historical Photographs of Darwin Northern Territory Australia on-line at two Facebook Group albums, as well as Pinterest. B&W images are also available from this Website as well as the full resolution versions on the Facebook threads.

So what to do?

The Plan

To invest the time, the energy, and money into something like this at my age simply isn't workable. However as I am skilled at most things computer and web related, I feel the best approach is to publish a website of photos, and build it up over a period of time. 

With the ability to accept users comments on the site, and link back to Facebook threads, it allows me to grow each photograph or subject into something worthwhile for all interested readers, as well as future readers.

3424-003 Federal St Rainbow 1905 Photo: Don McKenzie.

A special thanks to Dianne Bett of Warracknabeal Victoria (nee Dunn - Dunlea at Werrap south of Rainbow) for her encouragement for me to continue my Rainbow research. She has always pushed me one step further, and I wouldn't have gathered up half as much information as I have on the subject of "Old Rainbow", without her enthusiastic assistance. 

The Future and my Shift of Focus.

I needed to shift my focus from Rainbow to Darwin for a number of reasons. I would have liked to continue with this project on Rainbow, but sadly it wasn't to be. My love of Darwin over the last 30+ years has captured my imagination with the history and stories that need to be told. Rainbow residents still have access to all of the images and stories from the link at the top of this page. Thank you very much to the people that supported me on the old "Rainbow the Famous Australian Town" Facebook page.

0800-020 Signpost outside Commercial Bank in Smith Street, Darwin looking along Bennett Street.1935 Photo: L&A NT Gordon Maxwell Reid Collection.

The Priority

I would like to concentrate on street views and buildings first, before I move onto individual and group photos of people.

0800-016 Royal Yacht Britannia Stokes Hill Wharf, Darwin 1963. Photo: L&A NT D. W. Moyses Collection.

In Australia, any image or publication that is older than 50 years and published before 2005, has no copyright whatsoever.

After 2005, the law was changed and it became 70 years. Currently for this year 2021, that makes it any publication before 1955 (pre-2005) and before 1951 (post-2005) respectively. 

Fair Use of my Colourised Images.

Basically all images and publications I am using, fall under the 50 year rule, which means that anything older than 1955 is not under any copyright ruling.

As long as they are not for profit as direct sales, you can reproduce them for personal use in an art form, or on the web.

I had thought of making physical images available, but now out of my league at my age.

If a Darwin company wanted to do something about this, and profit sharing could be done with a Darwin History Charity, then I am open to talks.

NOTE ****
Please don't remove my "" serial number text, or the description text. If you believe the description text is incorrect, please let me know, and I will correct it if possible.

"Fair Use" is keeping these details intact.

0800-022 Smith Street 1937. Commercial Bank on left, Bank of New South Wales, under construction and Cashman's newsagent on right.

However I will always attempt to credit the correct source of these photographs with the appropriate information.

These Copyright rules and interpretations are fully explained on the following websites:

Click the button to go directly to the Copyright information page. 

Photo ID's

In order to identify any old black and white photo that has been converted to colour by me, I have used a simple ID method, which is attached to the image that works like this:
 " 3424-001" for Rainbow and "Colourised by 0800-001" for Darwin.

It is this website name followed by the local postcode, and a sequential number for each individual image.  I must admit, for simplicity, I have grouped local areas into the same postcode.

0800-21 Fort Hill Wharf Darwin - 1948 PS: NL of NZ Whites Aviation Collection.

You are free to copy and distribute any of my converted photos, but I would appreciate it if you leave my photo ID intact, as this passes the credit for the conversion back to this site, which allows the system to grow for the benefit of all readers.

Image Quality

Most of the images that I have used on these pages are screen grabs from the Facebook group and historical web sites.

25% of these are what I would call poor quality images that are a photo of a photo, or a photo of a computer screen complete with navigation icons and a nice slant on the image to make conversion a lot more difficult to achieve. Very few are actually a scanned photo.

There has to be a lot of great quality photos hidden and sitting idle in your grand parents belongings.

0800-027 Eight-Hours Day Procession at the Town Hall Union 1914. The stone building on the left is Brown's Mart. Photo: SL of SA B3023

Because of the massive load of images on a website, I have generally posted the best resolutions available to  the Facebook Group pages, and limited images to 800 pixels wide for B&W, and 1500 pixels wide for colourised photos. In both cases, you could well be amazed at the amount of level of zoom level you can apply to some of these images. Many of the Facebook group images are 3K to 4K pixels wide.

In 2017, I purchased a new printer-scanner from Officeworks for $15. I only wanted the scanner, and have never used the printer cartridges. I just checked their site now. They have a similar one for $32, but watch out for specials at supermarkets. They often have a new printer-scanners at a ridiculous price. The .jpg file type is my preferred choice of formats.

You can also use your phone as a digital scanner

Click on the buttons below for a some more helpful hints. 

You don't need expensive equipment to convert from photo slides to digital

This post will give you a few ideas. You don't need a high quality camera, as a mobile phone camera will work fine. You will need a reasonable quality back light. 

A blank white computer screen page works well. You will need to solidly mount your camera on a suitable tripod, and the slide can be clamped to a suitable mount also.

Image Description.


Description: Myilly Point with a signpost to Stuart Highway townships Pine Creek to Adelaide.

After a little experience, I have found that many photos have been described incorrectly for a number of reasons, and I am sure anyone who archives, studies, or is involved with historical photographs, has found the same as I have in many cases.

Some photos could have many versions. Some were converted to Postcards and sold. These may or may not have additional text on them to make them appeal to customers. Things such as "Mitchell and Smith Street Darwin 1936" yet the streets don't cross. So we end up with many so-called originals. Many are cropped differently, copied using various methods, so the contrast, brilliance, and sepia qualities can be all over the place. Many so-called originals are damaged or torn. Then you have someone post to Pinterest, Instagram or similar with their own description of what they believe the photo is.

You may get "my grandpa served in Darwin in WWII and took many photos of the area". What he may have done is purchase Postcards, and wrote his own interpretation on the back of them. Chances are most servicemen didn't take a camera with them to war, and Postcards were a simple way of telling the story of their journey.

The description on this above image (0800-190) could well be correct, but many doubt it.

Major highway signs used for direction these days are the big green signs with white text.

There was an equivalent on the corner of Bennett and Smith in the 1930s that pointed to Adelaide, Katherine, etc, but had not been of much use since the Mall came along. You can see this photo below on this page.

I find it hard to believe that an important sign of this magnitude was out the Myilly area in the 1930s on either roundabout at the ends of Kahlin Ave! There wasn't a lot out there in those years. Mind you, we haven't come up with a definitive location yet, but it is fun trying. Will we succeed? We will give it our best shot, as we are running out of people that can actually remember, and can give us a first-hand description of these historical images.

Every 3 or 4 days, I have at least one photo-updated because of an incorrect description, or a better quality image is at hand. In some cases, I suggest an alternative description and leave the original intact.

This site is interactive in as much as you can go directly to Facebook groups or individual posts by simply clicking on the button.

And Google Street View. This is fantastic. This button link will take you directly to the location nominated. These links are scattered right throughout this site, and is a great way for past residents and other interested parties, descendants, etc., to pay a quick visit around town.

To navigate around the image, on a PC, hold your mouse left click down, and on a phone, hold your finger on the image and simply move it in the direction you wish to view.

FAQ  (Frequently Asked Questions).

Do you do private work?
I would never accept money for these photo conversions. It is my attempt to help record Darwin's history and promote local tourism. Sorry, I don't do private work. It is a hobby.

There is a company called on the internet. If you do a search on their site for photo restoration and-or colorization, you will find many freelancers doing this sort of work. The prices start as low as $5USD, which usually works out at around $11AUD because of currency conversion and FIVERR fees. It May be difficult to find a good one, but at those prices, you don't have a lot to lose.

People often ask me what program I use to colour these images.
I use 4 or 5 different ones, plus several enhancers. Different photos need different tools. My friend Mick Gulovsen uses Photoshop to get the great results that I can't get.

How do you determine what colours to use?
Colours generated are an interpretation by computer-generated artificial intelligence. Specific colour selections could require many hours of work on each image.

It is what I call the 50 shades of Grey. A black and white photo is made up of black, white, and many shades in between. That is shades of grey.

Take an American civil war photo of men in battle. A good "AI" colourisation program will interpret the uniforms as Blue, and Grey. Others will not interpret correctly, but they all set a colour to a specific shade of grey. Sometimes you may need to force the program into the correct colour for each group of combatants. If uniforms are red or green, then these may need to be set by the operator.

The older colours of the clothing in general, is set by the intelligence of the program used. If it is colourising a photo, it certainly won't be picking modern iridescent types of colours, or anything silly like that, but will choose a colour that was more in keeping with the potential period of the image.

How does it know what year the photo was taken? That too is an intelligent guess by the program. A lot depends
on the quality of the conversion program, and that is why I use 4 or 5 different techniques at times to get a good result.

Military Uniform Colours:

After recent constructive criticism, I decided to add this little section. It was suggested that I stop doing photos with military uniforms in them.

These would take me extra time to set to the correct colours.

It may take hours in some cases, and how much time do you spend on these? I am not charging a professional rate. My time is given freely, and free is pretty cheap. I wish I knew the techniques that Clinton Bock (
Mile Pegs NT Facebook Group) uses on his military uniforms and skin colours. They are great, but I wouldn't even consider competing with him in his specific field.

Not just uniforms, but flags, banners, cars, buildings, etc. Should I stop doing these images also? I feel that would be unfair to the members that enjoy my images.

I am currently posting one new colourised image each and every day.

So the bottom line is, for free you have to wear the colour inconsistencies and other conversion problems. My apologies.



There are many great old photos that simply will not colour well, and I have been slotting them into a graded system of sub directories on my hard drive, wondering if I would ever get the time to revisit them again.

After recent developments in software, (to say nothing of my newly acquired skills), I am finding that some of these images can be converted to good quality Black and White images. I call it "Up-scaling" for sake of a better word. This involves better facial imaging and higher resolution.

This isn't just "Zooming In". Zooming will only pixelate the images to a point where it doesn't make sense anymore. Building the higher resolution involves matching the pixels to an overall picture with modern AI methods. I use a combination of many programs to achieve this, as each photo is very different, and requires different methods to create.

Even good quality Colour images can be Up-scaled, and I am currently going over many of my previous colour conversions and doing this. You should be able to recognise these easily. They have no white border, and I have added descriptive text, if none has been added by the original creator.

Lately, I have been adding descriptive text to both B&W and colour images that I create, as I feel it makes the final creation much more interesting. It is very easy for me to edit normal text, but to edit the text on the photos requires a lot more time not only to do but to replace in all the posts I make on the web that they appear. Some of the "official" descriptions, can be minimal, and at times completely incorrect. If you have first-hand, acquired, or personal knowledge that could add to, or change these descriptions, I very much welcome it. However, I do need it in a clear and accurate form that I don't need to try and interpret. We need to record these details accurately now, for the benefit of future generations.

I started with a very poor photograph (see image below), and decided to see how far I could push the facial upscaling. Many faces simply vanished into nothingness, however, a few good ones also appeared.

Check out the zoom shot after you click on the image.

Basically, this was an experiment to see how far I could push this facial recreation technology.


How many hours do we put into each image?

The image below of the telegraph cable laying,  took two of us a total of about 30 hours work. Many photos simply don't warrant this sort of time input. To do an image in 10 to 30 minutes with an automated artificial intelligence Colourising program may mean that many items do not get coloured correctly. My apologies.

And it isn't just about 10 to 30 minutes to colourise a simple image. You first have to find a suitable photo, and record the source. Then you convert, frame, ID, rescale, catalogue, then finally post, and link to and from this site and the Facebook threads. Then you give full support to the image by commenting and being involved in the threads, then editing to make the threads and the website historical information as correct as possible.

The odd angry grey ear, and your assistance!

My final images at times will have very odd colour arms, legs, ears, clothing, and signs, cars, or buildings. To touch up these items may take many hours on a single image, and for most conversions, it simply isn't worth the time investment. If anyone has the skills and software, then I welcome you on board to assist me with any final touch ups that you consider worthwhile. I'll even give you the appropriate credits.

The photo a little further down of the Izod's with the first Darwin Holden, took us about 10 hours.

Can I suggest a potential image for colourisation on the "Darwin Colourising Yesteryear" Facebook group?

Yes, but:

1) It must be about Darwin's (or close proximity) history and be of interest to other group members.

2) There is no sense in re-doing a photograph that has already been done by me.

So check my Gallery images and Facebook Albums:

Currently, there are over 300 images and 7 pages of galleries, and this increases by one image a day usually.

However this will only be updated in groups of 50 at a time, but the albums  it may be a quick check for you. You can then check the last page on the website.

3) It must be of reasonable quality. 50% of images are usually good, 20% may fall into the OK, but are the suitable for B&W Upscaling category only, and 30% simply are not good enough to be doing anything with. If unsure, by all means, post it, but only if it meets the standards I mention here.

4) It must have good identification. It needs Image source details, date, or the best possible estimate.Names of people, places, or any other description if available. A suggested image description: This will eventually be printed on the image itself, so it is very important to get it right. I spend as much time on gathering up these details, as I spend on the actual work on the photographs, sometimes more, as there can be a lot of research involved. If you can't come up with reliable basic details, then I can't do anything.

5) Google street view coordinates if applicable.

6) Please don't send text details as an image. I don't want to retype basic information myself.

AND Please don't let all of these hurdles deter you. If you are having trouble coming up with the information needed and the photo is important to you, I will assist, or I will ask other members to help, but I can't start with just an image and nothing else.

I know we have many older members and others that don't get around computer systems easily, so I really want to make this available to everyone.


How do I submit a photo for possible Colourisation?

Facebook crops all images down to 2048 maximum, but this is more than workable for me. I have Colourised and Upscaled images of less than 500 pixels and have them turn out great, so all photos can simply be posted to a standard FB post, at the best resolution you can. So create a new post in the Facebook Group "Darwin Colourising Yesteryear" with the image, and call it
 "Request for colourisation and-or Upscaling of a Darwin Historical Photograph"

or similar, so we all know what the post is about.

One image at a time is more than enough for now, to see how this pans out. Select the one you like, want to do, or best quality. You will know which one this is.

Jump through my hoops as outlined in the previous paragraph,  and add all of the required info you can to the post you just created.

If all else fails, we will end up with an original Darwin historical photo, with the full details so that other members will gain from it.
Hopefully, this will bring out new (or is that old?) family photos that haven't been seen before.

The next worse case is, that it is only good for an Upscale, but some of these results have been amazing.

Best case, we get a good Colour Darwin Historical photograph for everyone to enjoy and be able to pass on to future generations.


There is no membership or sign up of any description. This site is free to use as you wish... and free is pretty cheap!

 Don McKenzie

0800-018 Eric and Ellen (Hellen) Izod with the 'NT8' - first Holden in Darwin. The photo was taken in Melbourne where the car was picked up and driven to Darwin. Photo: L&A NT - Izod Collection.